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Although Russia converted to Christianity in the 10th century, the West expanded to include it fully when Peter the Great deeply reformed the country's government, the church and modernised the society thanks to the ideas brought from the Netherlands.
Today, most modern uses of the term refer to the societies in the West and their close genealogical, linguistic, and philosophical descendants, typically included are those countries whose ethnic identity and dominant culture are derived from European culture.
Later, the Roman Empire would take on the first process of Westernization as it was heavily influenced by Greece and created a new culture based on the principles and values of the Ancient Greek society.
The Romans emerged with a culture that would lay the new foundations of Europe and create the new western identity based on the Greco-Roman society.
However, though sharing in similar historical background, it would be incorrect to regard the Western world as a monolithic bloc, as many cultural, linguistic, religious, political, and economical differences exist between Western countries and populations.
Western civilization is commonly said to include United States, Canada, European Union (and at least the EFTA countries, European microstates), Australia and New Zealand.
Kishore Mahbubani's book entitled The Great Convergence: Asia, the West, and the Logic of One World (Public Affairs), is very optimistic.
However, he warns us that this newly emerging global order has to be ruled through new policies and attitudes.Mahbubani urges that only through these actions can we create a world that converges benignly.He states there is conflict between "the West and the Rest." and offers three forms of general action that non-Western civilizations can react toward Western countries.He states: …the 5.6 billion people who live outside the West no longer believe in the innate or inherent superiority of Western civilization.Instead, many are beginning to question whether the West remains the most civilized part of the world.
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Westernization (US) or Westernisation (UK), also Europeanization/Europeanisation or occidentalization/occidentalisation (from the Occident, meaning the Western world; see "occident" in the dictionary), is a process whereby societies come under or adopt Western culture in areas such as industry, technology, law, politics, economics, lifestyle, diet, clothing, language, alphabet, religion, philosophy, and values. The overall process of Westernization is often two-sided in that Western influences and interests themselves are joined with parts of the affected society, at minimum, to change towards a more Westernized society, in the hope of attaining a Western life or some aspects of it, while Western societies are themselves affected by this process and interaction with non-Western groups.