However, the oppressive government fell soon after his death, and was supplanted by the longer lived Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD).
However, Neolithic civilizations originated at various cultural centers along both the Yellow River and Yangtze River.
China's last dynasty was the Qing (1644–1912), which was replaced by the Republic of China in 1912, and in the mainland by the People's Republic of China in 1949, resulting in two de facto states claiming to be the legitimate government of all China.
Chinese history has alternated between periods of political unity and peace, and periods of war and failed statehood – the most recent being the Chinese Civil War (1927–1949).
China was occasionally dominated by steppe peoples, most of whom were eventually assimilated into the Han Chinese culture and population.
Between eras of multiple kingdoms and warlordism, Chinese dynasties have ruled parts or all of China; in some eras control stretched as far as Xinjiang and Tibet, as at present.
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Image Source ⇑ Thirty-seven of these rigs were drilling in support of grease, bringing the class of idled U.